A septic tank is an underground chamber that functions as a sewage system to remove waste content. It is an on-site sewage mechanism that requires regular maintenance to extend its life and save on repair costs. The regular inspection also protects the water quality.
A septic system ensures the wastewater is pretreated before being released into the fields. It is an active filter that separates scum, dirt, grease, and solids and prepares the content for the drain-field for its final purification. The process takes 24 to 48 hours to complete. But as much as the septic system is self-reliant, it needs maintenance every now and then or else it can create a health hazard, which is not only inconvenient but also an expensive problem. As with any failed sewage system, the ground and air become polluted resulting in costly property damage and air contamination.
A septic tank is usually made from fiberglass or plastic. It is an effective medium through which wastewater flows for a basic treatment that revolves around anaerobic processes. An anaerobic process reduces solids and organics by releasing bacteria that breaks down those substances.
Septic systems are used for moderate intensity performances as opposed to high-intensity ones. They are commonly used in rural areas or anywhere where there’s an absence of a centralized sewer system. Since septic tanks use a combination of nature and technology, they are just as important to clean from time to time just as the plumbing of bathrooms, kitchen drains, and laundry.
Typically, a septic tank coordinates with one or more of the outside units/facilities such as a drain field or a soil absorption field. The wastewater from your household is drawn to the tank through a drainage pipe. The septic tank is skillfully installed into the ground where it appears buried in a watertight container. Its job is to contain the water long enough for separation to occur. Once the solids are separated from the wastewater, they sink to the bottom forming a sludge layer. The middle layer is where the clean water collects, while the top layer is the scum layer that includes oil and grease. This layer stays afloat, allowing the bottom layers to remain unmixed.
The T-shaped outlet prevents the top and bottom layers from leaving the tank and traveling into the drain field. The liquid layer of wastewater, which is known as the effluent is allowed to exit the tank and pass into the drain field. The wastewater then undergoes natural purification process after it seeps into the soil, where the removal of harmful coliform bacteria, viruses and nutrients takes place.
According to Septic service Lebanon PA, when an issue occurs with the normal operation of a septic tank, you’re likely to observe the following symptoms:
– A foul odor (although this may not be the very first sign of a tank malfunctioning)
– Wastewater clogging or backing up into household drains
– Muddy water pooling inside your basement or surrounding areas
If you’re experiencing any of these indicators above, it is imperative to contact a septic system service provider to help you overcome these problems in time.